Post-secondary education is the education level that follows the successful completion of secondary education, it is referred to as high school. It includes universities and colleges, as well as trade and vocational schools. when post-secondary education is discussed, most people think of colleges and universities. so, there are many postsecondary options available. Too many governments throw money at post-secondary education by truly using value for money. Canada continues to be less competitive due to a lack of integrated strategy when it comes to education programs that will meet the jobs of today and tomorrow. Education needs to review its delivery model including its cost structure. Examples- Types of postsecondary options, four-year colleges, and universities, Two-year colleges, vocational-technical schools, and programs. Adult education and continuing education programs, life skills programs. It can include college or vocational training, working as an apprentice, studying for a license, and completing an online certificate program.
Difference between secondary and postsecondary health care education
Secondary- Prepares a student for immediate employment in many health careers or for additional education after graduation. after earning a high school diploma or equivalent, many students choose to pursue post-secondary education, such as a vocational certificate or college degree.
Post-secondary- This is after high school, including training in a vocational-technical school, community college, or university. In a high-tech, globalized world, post-secondary education is increasingly important to gain the knowledge and skills necessary for employment and job security, especially in times of economic downturn. It can include college or vocational training working as an apprentice, studying for a license, and completing an online certificate program.
History of Postsecondary Education:-
The oldest institutions of higher education appeared between the 5th and 2nd centuries B.C. In India, the city of Takshila matters, the Great Buddhist Monastery of Narendra. Attracted students. And professors, even from distant regions in China, the Han dynasty established chairs to teach the five Confucian classics, then in 124 the grand school trained cadres for the imperial administration. All these higher-learning institutions became models for other schools within their sphere of cultural influence. In the 7th and 8th centuries, “cathedral schools” were created in Western Europe. Meanwhile, the first madrassahs were founded in the Moslem Empire -initially, mere primary schools on premises of major mosques. which gradually evolved toward secondary, later higher education. Since world war 2, developed and many developing countries have increased the participation of the age group who mostly studies higher education from the elite rate, up to 15 percent, to the mass rate of 16 to 50 percent. College-educated workers have commanded a measurable wage premium and are much less likely to become unemployed than less-educated workers.
In the 21st century, universities have been criticized for permitting or actively encouraging grade inflation. In many fields of study exceeds the demand for their skills, underemployment, overqualification, credentialism, and educational inflation. After the impact of the covid-19 pandemic on education is rapidly making certain aspects of the traditional higher education system.
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Objectives of Higher Education-
• Compare the current status of higher education in developed countries and understand the mechanism of funding and accreditation in these countries.
• Comprehend the role of higher education in the economic development of these countries.
•Universities academies and institutes have similar functions. Technical universities offer specialized instruction such as learning a skill, and conservatories offer music lessons.
•After finishing senior secondary school, students can go on to higher education. All applicants must take a competitive exam. most higher education programs in Russia offer 5 years of study for undergraduates in a variety of fields.
•Since education is both training of minds and training of souls, it should give both knowledge and wisdom. no amount of factual information would take ordinarily into educated men. There should be the inculcation of wisdom and knowledge.
•Our education system must find its guiding principle in the aims of the social order for which it prepares. The greatness of a country does not depend on the extent of its territory, the length of its communication, or the amount of its wealth.
Benefits of Postsecondary Education-
Post-secondary is not mandatory, but it offers added advantages as it helps students to obtain an additional education as well as various skills which will secure them higher-level employment. It is worth mentioning that the post-secondary level of education requires you to choose the kind of school that you would attend as this will be determined by your career as well as your field of interest. Higher education’s impact on health, crime, and empowerment have been studied intensely by researchers over the last few decades. In a 2018 report analyzing education’s influence on health, experts found there were at least four possible factors contributing to the better health outcomes of individuals with higher educational attainment. It increases self-empowerment any individual with higher levels of education tends to report a greater sense of empowerment and control over their lives than their less-educated peers and empowerment is a well-known benefit.
Advantages of Post Secondary education
1- Poverty reduction- The factor which is often viewed as the root of the problem of poverty among a population is insufficient education. As a student requires a degree, they gain insight into the bigger picture of the problems their family used to face, which in turn enables them to adjust. When it comes to the upbringing of their children. Comparison with higher educational attainment has higher average salaries, which enable the students to break the cycle of poverty in their families.
2-Environmental benefits- weather problems have become one of the main topics faced by every country in the world. Research has shown that individuals with academic degrees have more awareness and knowledge. Climate change. This knowledge can easily be directed toward the advancement of the method. And regulations concerning sustainability in companies where they work as well as in society.
3-Promotes good citizenship and reduces crime- people with higher education pay higher taxes which increases the resources the country can reallocate to the areas where they are needed the most and pay health insurance as well as social insurance. If we talk about the research and people on the wrong side of the law, we can see that the probability of incarceration is 5 times lower for persons with any level of an academic degree.
4- Equality and empowerment- education is a must in every field and especially higher education empowers women and men from ethnic minorities that underwent years of social stigmatization. This is a very important benefit for women as it empowers them to be independent and get responsibility for their own life. Into their own hands and also helps to grow the economy of the country.
Disadvantages of Post-secondary education
• You may not gain any technical skills, then it becomes no knowledge about technological things so it is less effective and if any try to know about technical skills then he goes to another field.
• You may not get employability skills, after completing higher education there is less guarantee to get a job because it depends on your skills and knowledge or if you wanted to get the job then you should go to higher degrees.
• You will be committing at least three years of your life, or contact time is less than at school time so this is the blackness of higher education. Contact time is often much less than students expected So contact time is usually much less than at school courses such as history may have less than 10 hours of weekly contact time.
• You are not guaranteed a graduate job, there is more competition between all the students and if you get the job there are fewer chances of a guarantee. This does not mean. They will never do the regular jobs and with the job market, a very competitive place, their degree may still have helped them to get the job.
•Lifetime earnings can be higher with an apprenticeship and who will be committing at least three years of your life because you should think carefully if you had preferred to be working in a paid job than getting yourself to years of study, coursework, revision, and exams.
International student mobility is changing the global higher education landscape, increasing the number of students going abroad to pursue tertiary education. Africa’s growth rate in terms of mobile students growing faster than elsewhere in the world. A large number of Indian students go to different countries for studies. Countries that facilitate the arrival and integration of international students. Through these schemes will be more competitive. It is an economy category equivalent to the service which is characterized not only by service general properties but also by special properties. In our end to education, vocational training, and higher education services. Postsecondary education might not seem compulsory to everybody because there are many jobs you can happily secure with a high school diploma. The time, cost, and effort needed to complete post-secondary education might be merged but it will certainly pay off. The possibility is that being a graduate offer in terms of personal development, career development, and acquisition of different skills than you would give postsecondary education a second thought.